Picture This: Covid vaccine allocation is a picture of inconsistency

28 April 2021

Sonal Agarwal

Sonal Agarwal

Deputy Manager, Vice-Chancellor's Office, Ashoka University

Ankur Bhardwaj

Ankur Bhardwaj

Editor, Centre for Economic Data and Analysis


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The state-wise vaccine allocation data is based on a reply to a RTI application. It covers allocations till 14 April 2021.

In chart 1, we looked at vaccine allocation per case reported by the state till 14 April 2021. While the highest allocation to a state per case is 31, the lowest is only 4. Gujarat tops this list with vaccine allocation, while Maharashtra finds itself at the bottom. This chart shows that all the southern states (Kerala, AP, TN, Karnataka, and Telangana) are closer to the bottom of the list, along with Delhi. While these states experienced high number of Covid infections, their vaccine allocation has not been at the same level.

In chart 2, we rank states in a decreasing order of vaccine allocation based on population aged 45 or more. Population of 45 years old and above is based on the report ‘Population Projections for India and States 2011 – 2036’ released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. A figure of 0.71 for Chhattisgarh means 71 doses have been allocated to the state for every 100 individuals above 45 years. Once again, we find that there is wide variation in vaccine allocation to these states even by this criterion. At the bottom of this list is Tamil Nadu which has been allocated only 22 doses per 100 individuals over the age of 45 while Chhattisgarh tops the list with 71 doses.

These two charts show a lack of recognizable pattern in vaccine allocation to states till 14 April 2021. For a more detailed analysis of India’s Covid vaccination program, read this data narrative.

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